For children in Rome, life revolved around rhetoric. Rhetoric, the power of persuasion and the ability to argue and negotiate were thought to be ways in which Romans could achieve virtue, therefore children began learning language and public speaking skills at young ages. As far as family structure, the husbands and fathers were head of the household over their wives and children.
Source: Angelica Kauffman, Cornelia, Mother of Gracchi, Pointing to her Children as Treasures, VMFA Museum, https://vmfa.museum/collections/art/cornelia-mother-gracchi-pointing-children-treasures/ (Accessed: November 13, 2017)
Romans were accustomed to working a six hour work day, mostly working in the morning (dawn until noon), although some stores and other shops in the market place could reopen in the evening.”The afternoon was devoted to leisure – attending the games (gladiatorial competitions, chariot races, or wrestling), the theater or the baths – all of which were also enjoyed by the poor (as many in government felt the need for the poor to be entertained)”(Wasson, www.ancient.eu).