During this period of time, religious leaders have a great deal of power within the government and public and private life. The Catholic Church is starting to experience a great deal of wealth. Many of the leaders of the Catholic Church are becoming rich and living as though they are rich. However, they are getting their money by taxing the poor, and only the poor. The rich were not subject to these taxes. This is causing instability within the church, and a split between the Catholics and the Protestants. There is a call for a reformation, which is being led by Martin Luther. He posted a list of 95 faults that he saw within the Church, which he later posted on the Church doors. The first fault is that there needs to be a call for reformation.
There is a rich culture of commerce and trade during this time. The commerce and trade is causing a demand for a government. Citizens are tired of the civil unrest and fighting that is caused by the lack of their own government. The city-states in which these citizens live are now becoming elected states. These elected states are allowing the working class to have a better say with what happens within their own government. This newfound government is allowing citizens the chance for an education and the ability to grow things such as trade within the area that surrounds them. However, within these elected states, there are five powers still in control, so there is still more work that needs to be done.
The Renaissance is a period of time that is known for the rebirth of learning and literature. However, an education was not provided for everyone. You had to be able to afford schooling in order to receive an education. This means that the rich are going to be more educated than the poor because the rich can afford it. Education is different for boys and girls. Boys went to school to either receive an education that would prepare them for university or for a particular trade. Girls did not receive nearly as much of an education as the boys did. Many girls during this time did not receive a traditional education, instead, they were taught practical matters that they would need in order to run their home.